Tiny 60-GHz Motion Detector Challenges PIR Approach


Many close-proximity motion detectors use the classic, widely available passive-infrared (PIR) approach, which is effective but has limited sensitivity and adjustability, and can’t “see” through non-metallic materials. The BGT60LTR11AIP developed by Infineon Technologies AG intends to change that by offering improved movement sensitivity and directivity via its miniaturized 60-GHz radar with embedded antenna. Announced at “electronica virtual 2020,” Infineon maintains that this is a cost-effective replacement for conventional PIR sensors for low-power or battery-powered applications.

Dubbed the XENSIV radar sensor, it can be integrated into such systems to “wake” them up or put them to sleep or auto-lock when no motion is detected for a defined amount of time. It can also trigger other functions based on motion or direction of motion detection. Applications go beyond the obvious of alarm and security systems and cameras to include smart-home devices like thermostats, smoke detectors, kitchen appliances, lighting systems, and other “wake-up” scenarios.

The BGT60LTR11AIP MMIC, a fully integrated microwave device measuring 3.3 × 6.7 × 0.56 mm, operates as a Doppler-based motion sensor (Fig. 1). It includes antennas in package (AIPs) with an 80-degree field of view as well as integrated detectors for motion and direction of motion. Adjustable performance parameters include detection sensitivity, hold time, and frequency of operation, and unlike many 60-GHz devices, it can use standard, low-cost FR4 circuit-board material.

1. The block diagram of the Infineon BGT60LTR11AIP radar-based motion-sensor MMIC shows its internal complexity.

An internal state machine enables operation of the device in an autonomous mode without any external microcontroller, providing digital outputs indicating motion and direction of the target. In this mode, it detects a human target at up to five meters with power consumption of less than 5 mW.

Furthermore, for experienced radar users, the MMIC also supports semi-autonomous and SPI modes where raw data is available and can be extracted for signal processing on a PC or an external MCU. This sampled radar data could be used to develop customized algorithms, and a 10-meter detection range is possible with less than 2 mW power consumption.

Since a device such as this usually needs designer evaluation, Infineon also offers a demo arrangement that includes the BGT60LTR11AIP “shield,” as well as the Infineon Radar Baseboard MCU7 (Fig. 2).

2. Infineon offers a migration path from MMIC to MMIC plus shield to microcontroller support.2. Infineon offers a migration path from MMIC to MMIC plus shield to microcontroller support.

The shield demonstrates the features of the BGT60LTR11AIP MMIC and gives the user a “plug and play” radar solution. It’s optimized for fast prototyping of designs and system integration as well as initial evaluation of features and functions. The shield measures 20 × 6.25 mm and includes an option to solder onto other PCBs such as an Arduino MKR board or an Infineon Radar Baseboard MCU7 for extra flexibility (Figs. 3 and 4).  

3. The shield, only slightly larger than the MMIC, provides critical support functions and physical arrangement.3. The shield, only slightly larger than the MMIC, provides critical support functions and physical arrangement.

4. The shield offers more than just physical and basic support; it also contains needed active components for interfacing.4. The shield offers more than just physical and basic support; it also contains needed active components for interfacing.

As noted, the PCB can use standard FR4 laminate because the antennas are integrated into the chip package. The bottom side of the shield has the connectors to the Radar Baseboard MCU7, and the castellated holes on the edges of the shield PCB provide additional access to the detector outputs and power-supply signals of the shield (Fig. 5). By using these holes, the BGT60LTR11AIP shield can be soldered onto other PCBs.

5. The system platform provides microcontroller interfacing, here shown for the Infineon Radar Baseboard MCU7.5. The system platform provides microcontroller interfacing, here shown for the Infineon Radar Baseboard MCU7.

Note: Castellated holes are indentations created in the form of semi-plated holes on the edges of the PCBs; they help to mount one PCB board on top of another during assembly (see the Reference below).

Infineon also provides extensive documentation for this product, including:

The radar demo kit BGT60LTR11AIP can be ordered now, while the single chip will be available in Spring 2021.

Reference

PCB Directory, “What are Castellated Holes on a PCB?



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