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Engineering News

The naked eye alone is not enough to ensure the accurate diagnosis of skin cancer, say experts — ScienceDaily

The visual inspection of a suspicious skin lesion using the naked eye alone is not enough to ensure the accurate diagnosis of skin cancer, a group of experts have concluded following a largescale systematic review of research. The review is published today (Dec 6th) in The Cochrane Library as part of a Special Collection of Cochrane Systematic Reviews bringing together a large body of research on the accuracy of tests used to diagnose skin cancer. The suite of eleven reviews…

Rapid drug response screening for leukemia stem cells offers clues to relapse and to improving patient-specific therapies — ScienceDaily

Advances in rapid screening of leukemia cells for drug susceptibility and resistance are bringing scientists closer to patient-tailored treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Research on the drug responses of leukemia stem cells may reveal why some attempts to treat are not successful or why initially promising treatment results are not sustained. AML is a serious disorder of certain blood-forming cells. In this disease, certain early precursor cells in the bone marrow that usually develop into white blood cells don’t…

NASA InSight lander ‘hears’ Martian winds — ScienceDaily

NASA’s Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport InSight lander, which touched down on Mars just 10 days ago, has provided the first ever “sounds” of Martian winds on the Red Planet. InSight sensors captured a haunting low rumble caused by vibrations from the wind, estimated to be blowing between 10 to 15 mph (5 to 7 meters a second) on Dec. 1, from northwest to southeast. The winds were consistent with the direction of dust devil streaks…

PyTorch developer ecosystem expands, 1.0 stable release now available

As the PyTorch ecosystem and community continue to grow with interesting new projects and educational resources for developers, today at the NeurIPS conference we’re releasing PyTorch 1.0 stable. The latest version, which was first shared in a preview release during the PyTorch Developer Conference in October, includes capabilities such as production-oriented features and support from major cloud platforms. Researchers and engineers can now readily take full advantage of the open source deep learning framework’s new features, including a hybrid front…

Merging different types of location-stamped data can make it easier to discern users’ identities, even when the data is anonymized — ScienceDaily

A new study by MIT researchers finds that the growing practice of compiling massive, anonymized datasets about people’s movement patterns is a double-edged sword: While it can provide deep insights into human behavior for research, it could also put people’s private data at risk. Companies, researchers, and other entities are beginning to collect, store, and process anonymized data that contains “location stamps” (geographical coordinates and time stamps) of users. Data can be grabbed from mobile phone records, credit card transactions,…

Researchers devise 3-D printer that can make energetic materials safer, more environmentally friendly

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Purdue University researchers have devised a method of 3-D printing that can produce energetic materials with fine geometric features faster and with less expense than traditional methods, while also being safer and more environmentally friendly. Jeffrey Rhoads, a professor in Purdue’s School of Mechanical Engineering, and Emre Gunduz, a former research assistant professor at the school, along with a few colleagues, have launched a faculty-owned startup called Next Offset Solutions Inc. that makes the printers and…

Tailoring nonlinearity with time domain metasurface for wireless communication

a, Schematic of the proposed BFSK wireless communication system based on the time-domain digital coding metasurface. b, Experimental scenario of the BFSK wireless communication system. c-d, The received messages by the BFSK wireless communication system for different receiving angles, showing stable communication abilities. Credit: ©Science China Press Electromagnetic and optical nonlinear effects provide an important platform in a broad spectrum of technologies, including high harmonic generation, sum and difference frequency conversions, self-focusing, optical solitons, and multi-photon absorption. When illuminated by…

Defending Against Abuse at LinkedIn’s Scale

LinkedIn is committed to building a safe, trusted, and professional environment. Building the infrastructure to detect and mitigate abuse at LinkedIn’s scale brings with it a number of interesting challenges that require us to often think outside the box and craft new ways of integrating defenses throughout our product. In this post, we’ll provide a high-level overview of how we approach these challenges when building the infrastructure to help stop abuse on the world’s largest professional network. Currently, LinkedIn has…

Test of Time award to Leon Bottou, Olivier Bousquet

We are pleased to congratulate FAIR’s Léon Bottou and Google AI’s Olivier Bousquet on receiving the NeurIPS 2018 Test of Time award. Their winning paper is “The Tradeoffs of Large Scale Learning,” which they presented at NIPS 2007, while Bottou was a researcher at NEC Labs. For more about the event, visit the NeurIPS Facebook page. Bottou joined FAIR in 2015 and is best known for his work on deep neural networks in the 1990s, large-scale learning in the 2000s,…

Mobile @Scale — Tel Aviv recap

Recently, we hosted Mobile @Scale, an invitation-only technical conference for engineers working on large-scale mobile applications. The first-ever @Scale event in Tel Aviv attracted more than 300 attendees to hear talks on topics such as the efficiency of tools and teams, and techniques for the challenges inherent in scaling apps. The conference featured technical deep dives from engineers at Automattic, Facebook, Gett, Google, and Houzz to share their hands-on experience dealing with these topics. Summaries and videos of some of…