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Engineering News

Studying behavior could lead to sustainability solutions

Damon Hall’s longitudinal study is based on the Yellowstone River in Montana, which is the longest undammed river in the United States and a tributary to the Missouri River. Photo courtesy of Damon Hall. At first blush, Damon Hall’s office looks somewhat out of place. Tucked in the Natural Resources Building, his shelves are lined with the kind of reading material seemingly more suited for psychology or sociology. Looks, however, can be deceiving. Hall is an assistant professor jointly appointed…

Discovering and Classifying In-app Message Intent at Airbnb

Conversational AI is inspiring us to rethink the customer experience on our platform. Authors: Michelle Du, Shijing Yao Airbnb’s mission is to create a world where everyone can belong anywhere. Ensuring good communication between guests and hosts is one of the keys to developing a sense of belonging as well as a smooth and worry-free trip experience for guests. Millions of guests and hosts communicate on the Airbnb messaging platform about a variety of topics, including booking arrangements, payment requests,…

MU Engineering team sets new cybersecurity paradigm

The goal of pretense is to focus an attacker’s resources on a quarantined area of the system that isn’t valuable and keeping legitimate users in a safe area of the system. The pretense thus helps in buying time to shore up an intelligent defense of valuable data and resources to deter the attacker to launch more vigorous attacks on valuable data and resource assets. Instead of simply reacting to cyberattacks after they happen, Mizzou Engineering researchers developed a new approach…

Recycling biosolids to make sustainable bricks

Associate Professor Abbas Mohajerani with a biosolids brick. Credit: RMIT University How can you recycle the world’s stockpiles of treated sewage sludge and boost sustainability in the construction industry, all at the same time? Turn those biosolids into bricks. Biosolids are a by-product of the wastewater treatment process that can be used as fertiliser, in land rehabilitation or as a construction material. Around 30% of the world’s biosolids are stockpiled or sent to landfill, using up valuable land and…

Zero-shot transfer across 93 languages: Open-sourcing enhanced LASER library

To accelerate the transfer of natural language processing (NLP) applications to many more languages, we have significantly expanded and enhanced our LASER (Language-Agnostic SEntence Representations) toolkit. We are now open-sourcing our work, making LASER the first successful exploration of massively multilingual sentence representations to be shared publicly with the NLP community. The toolkit now works with more than 90 languages, written in 28 different alphabets. LASER achieves these results by embedding all languages jointly in a single shared space (rather…

Afshaan Mazagonwalla on Bayesian Machine Learning – Wayfair Tech Blog

Welcome back to Wayfair Data Science’s Explainer Series! This week Afshaan Mazagonwalla will be speaking about Bayesian Machine Learning. Wayfair uses Bayesian and Reinforcement Learning based techniques for balancing the exploration – exploitation trade off between new and popular items in ranking products on the website and for recommending sales events in emails. Afshaan works on the Data Science Recommendations team where she builds algorithms for injecting diversity between the products ranked by our reinforcement learning models.  Before joining Wayfair,…

Engineering Ethics Blog: “The Challenger Disaster” Movie

Perhaps the most widely studied case in the field of engineering ethics is the 1986 explosion of the space shuttle Challenger shortly after launch.  The cause was traced to solid-rocket-booster O-ring seals that became too stiff to work in the near-freezing temperatures of the January 28 launch.  Combustion gases leaking through the seal of a rocket booster during the stress of launch destroyed the craft and killed all seven crew members, including a schoolteacher named Christa McAuliffe.  Investigations after the…

Coping With The Accelerating Pace Of Technological Change

Major breakthroughs in technology used to only happen every decade or so. These days, though, it seems like new advances are being announced every other month. However, these developments have disrupted just about every sector of the economy, causing unprepared companies to lose market share. How can we keep up? In this article, we’ll share several tips on how to adapt to the dizzying rate of technological change. 1) Keep on top of the latest trends According to trusted car…

Top 5 Interesting Screensavers for Windows 10

Screensavers have long been a part of Windows fraternity. The initial objective of screensavers was to help prevent screen burn on CRT monitors. Screen burns were a result of a prolonged display of one image on the monitor, due to continuous inactivity and screensavers used to come to the rescue by displaying something moving to disrupt persistent screen idleness. Today, the idea of screensavers might feel a bit relic but the fact is that there are more stunning screensavers these…

A new low-latency congestion control for cellular networks — ScienceDaily

Heavy traffic on narrow roads could be one of the leading causes of traffic congestion and this applies to communication networks, as well. If more data is collected than the allowed data capacity, communication latency appears. This has a devastating effect on the 5G-based internet services, such as self-driving cars, autonomous robots, and remote surgery. A research team, led by Professor Kyunghan Lee in the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering at UNIST has proposed a novel technique that can…