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Engineering News

Novel adoptive cell transfer method shortens timeline for T-cell manufacture — ScienceDaily

Adoptively transferred T-cells can prolong survival and sometimes cure patients with advanced solid tumors. While promising, it can take months to generate the necessary T-cells to help these patients. Such slow speed makes this therapy impractical for most patients who need immediate treatment. In the September issue of Cancer Research, Hannah Knochelmann, a student in the Medical Scientist Training Program at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) and researcher in Chrystal Paulos’ laboratory, teamed up with investigators at three…

What is Post-Quantum Cryptography? | Electronic Design

What you’ll learn: The basics of post-quantum cryptography. Why we need post-quantum cryptography (PQC). What’s being done to develop it before quantum computers arrive.   The term quantum computing brings images of futuristic super computers along the lines of Star Trek. Quantum computing is still in its infancy, but it’s growing rapidly and the implications of its capabilities is significant especially in the realm of security. To get more insight to this space, I talked with Helena Handschuh, a Fellow…

NASA’s OSIRIS-REx successfully stows sample of asteroid Bennu — ScienceDaily

NASA’s Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security, Regolith Explorer (OSIRIS-REx) mission has successfully stowed the spacecraft’s Sample Return Capsule (SRC) and its abundant sample of asteroid Bennu. On Wednesday, Oct. 28, the mission team sent commands to the spacecraft, instructing it to close the capsule — marking the end of one of the most challenging phases of the mission. “This achievement by OSIRIS-REx on behalf of NASA and the world has lifted our vision to the higher things we can…

Thanks for Sharing: Reusable Open Source Hardware Respirators

At a Glance: A group of makers use open source resources to design and produce a respirator to help offset a shortage of personal protective equipment during the pandemic. The particulate filtering facepiece respirator, also known as the OSR-M1, rivals the industry’s gold-standard N95 respirator. The designers use distributed production methods such as additive manufacturing to speed up time to market. Time constraints impede the OSR-M1 respirator’s probability of full certification and regulation.  When the World Health Organization declared COVID-19…

Mizzou Engineer Part of Team Working to Restore Bladder Function

A Mizzou Engineer is part of an interdisciplinary team from across the country selected to study the lower urinary tract in hopes of restoring bladder function to those who suffer from urinary incontinence. About 50% of women and 25% of men suffer from bladder dysfunction. Giovanna Guidoboni, a professor in electrical engineering and computer science, will specifically focus on mathematically modeling how the nervous system interacts with the biomechanics of the bladder and the fluid dynamics of urine flow to…

Mizzou Engineer Part of Team Working to Restore Organ Function

A Mizzou Engineer is part of an interdisciplinary team from across the country selected to study the lower urinary tract in hopes of restoring bladder function to those who suffer from urinary incontinence. About 50% of women and 25% of men suffer from bladder dysfunction. Giovanna Guidoboni, a professor in electrical engineering and computer science, will specifically focus on mathematically modeling how the nervous system interacts with the biomechanics of the bladder and the fluid dynamics of urine flow to…

New Li-Ion Battery Research Offers Greater Power

At a Glance: Researchers have developed a method for extending the life of li-ion batteries. When an intermediate phase is formed in the phase transition during the charging and discharging, greater power can be produced. The driving range of an electric vehicle (EV) depends on its battery performance. Faster charging and longer-lasting battery material for electric cars depend on batteries of various design. However, lithium-ion batteries dominate battery types used in EVs, providing the impetus for further research into faster…

Unwrap the SERVFAIL

We recently released a new version of Cloudflare Resolver which adds a piece of information called “Extended DNS Errors” (EDE) along with the response code under certain circumstances. This will be helpful in tracing DNS resolution errors and figuring out what went wrong behind the scenes. (image from: https://www.pxfuel.com/en/free-photo-expka) A tight-lipped agent The DNS protocol was designed to map domain names to IP addresses. To inform the client about the result of the lookup, the protocol has a 4 bit…

Research shows stronger but less frequent drug doses could be key — ScienceDaily

Researchers in the University of Georgia’s Center for Tropical and Emerging Global Diseases have found that a more intensive, less frequent drug regimen with currently available therapeutics could cure the infection that causes Chagas disease, a potentially life-threatening illness affecting up to 300,000 people in the United States. Trypanosoma cruzi is a single-celled parasitic organism that causes Chagas disease. At least 6 million people are infected by T. cruzi, mostly in South America. Current drug therapies have been ineffective in…

Using an unbiased approach, scientists for the first time analyzed more than ½-million chemical-gene interactions — ScienceDaily

A University of Massachusetts Amherst environmental health scientist has used an unprecedented objective approach to identify which molecular mechanisms in mammals are the most sensitive to chemical exposures. The study, published in the journal Chemosphere, advances the understanding of the interaction of chemicals, both pollutants and pharmaceuticals, on gene expression and the impact on human health. “When we identified all the sensitive genes, we were very much surprised that almost every well-known molecular pathway is sensitive to chemicals to a…